Footage showed debris, shoes and clothes abandoned inside the stadium
Senior officials in the Egyptian city of Port Said and the Egyptian football association have been sacked in the wake of riots on Wednesday at a football match in which 74 people died.
The governor of Port Said resigned, while the city’s director of security and head of investigations were suspended and are now in custody.
In Cairo people are marching in protest at the handling of the riots by police.
Protesters are blockading the Egyptian parliament, a private TV channel says.
“Protesters shut the doors of the People’s Assembly [parliament’s lower chamber] and refused to let MPs leave” after the emergency session, reported Misr 25 TV, which is sympathetic to the Muslim Brotherhood, the largest party in parliament.
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Even as the violence was continuing at the Port Said football ground, Egyptians began suspecting, wondering if darker forces were at play.
The Muslim Brotherhood, now the largest party in parliament, accused remnants of the Mubarak regime of provoking the riot in an attempt to reduce the country to chaos.
Egyptian football fans can be notoriously violent. But what immediately aroused suspicions is the fact that the al-Ahly supporters, known as Ultras, have become a political force as well. They have been at the forefront of many of the big confrontations with security forces in the last year.
What really happened at the Port Said stadium may never fully be known. It’s just as likely to have been a case of incompetence, from a police force which has been seriously under strength since they were chased off the streets in the revolution a year ago.
The immediate danger for the Egyptian authorities is of new violence, as angry football supporters take to the streets once again. But this has also provoked a new political crisis, undermining trust in the ruling military council, at a time when Egypt is moving towards presidential elections and the handover to civilian rule.
Three days of national mourning have been declared.
The riot began when fans invaded the pitch after a football match involving top Cairo club al-Ahly and the Port Said side al-Masry.
‘Work of the devil’
The head of the football association has been sacked and the board dissolved, with its members referred to prosecutors for questioning, Prime Minister Kamal al-Ganzouri told an emergency session of parliament.
The session opened with a minute’s silence. Speaker Mohamed Saad al-Katatni said the riots were the “work of the devil” and that Egypt’s revolution was “in danger”.
Egypt’s public prosecutor has ordered the questioning of 52 people arrested after the riots. The governor of Port Said and the head of security are also to be questioned.
Funerals of five of the victims took place in Port Said after noon (10:00 GMT) prayers.
All Egyptian premier-league matches have been postponed indefinitely.
The Confederation of African Football said a minute’s silence would be held at the quarter-final matches of the African Cup of Nations at the weekend.
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We tried to save the lives of some of the fans, but many died before our eyes”
Pedro Barny Al-Ahly assistant coach
World football body Fifa said it was “in mourning” and had asked Egypt for a full report on the incidents.
‘Rage in their eyes’
Demonstrators, many of them al-Ahly supporters known as Ultras, used metal barriers and vehicles to close Tahrir Square, the scene of huge protests last year which led to the overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak.
Others are marching from the club’s headquarters towards the interior ministry.
The BBC’s Jon Leyne in Cairo says there is a mood of extreme bitterness. Many supporters believe police were incompetent, or actively provoked the unrest.
“People are really angry, you could see the rage in their eyes,” al-Ahly supporter Mohammed Abdel Hamid told the BBC.
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Recent football stadium disasters
- Oct 82: More than 300 reportedly killed in a stampede on a narrow, icy staircase at a Spartak-Haarlem match in Moscow
- May 85: 56 people die in a terrace fire during a Bradford City-Lincoln City match in Bradford, England
- May 85: 39 people are killed when a separation wall collapses at a Liverpool-Juventus European Champions Cup final at Heysel Stadium in Brussels
- March 88: 93 people die in a stampede after fleeing a hailstorm at the national stadium in Kathmandu, Nepal
- Apr 89: 96 people are crushed to death at a Liverpool-Nottingham Forest cup match in Sheffield
- Jan 91: At least 40 people die in a stampede after riots at a friendly match in Orkney, South Africa
- Oct 96: About 80 people are killed in a stampede before a Guatemala-Costa Rica World Cup qualifying match in Guatemala City
- Apr 01: More than 40 people killed in a crush at the overcrowded Ellis Park stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa
- May 01: 127 people killed after police in Ghana fired tear gas into the crowd after unrest at a match between Hearts of Oak and Asante Kotoko at the Accra Sports Stadium
Our correspondent says Egyptian fans are notoriously violent, particularly the Ultras.
They have been heavily implicated in confronting the police during recent political protests, he adds, and there is speculation that the security forces may have had an interest in taking them on.
“They said to us, we have brought your funeral shrouds with us. And then we were attacked horribly,” another al-Ahly fan, Mohamed Saeed Mohamed Ali told Reuters.
“We went to the tunnel and the doors were shut with chains, that was the first thing, and the lights were shut off. They were firing rubber bullets… There was a young man named Islam, 17 years old, who was standing next to me and then suddenly he was lying with a skewer in his head, and his eye was blown out of the other side of his head.”
Police in Egypt have been keeping a much lower profile since last year’s popular protests.
Meanwhile, the Muslim Brotherhood – which has emerged as Egypt’s biggest party in recent elections – blamed supporters of ousted President Hosni Mubarak for the violence.
As the match ended, people flooded onto the pitch attacking al-Ahly players and fans. Witnesses said the atmosphere had been tense throughout the match.
Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, the head of Egypt’s ruling army council, went to an airbase near Cairo to meet al-Ahly players who were flown back from Port Said on a military aircraft.